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In the center of this picture you can see the occipital condyles protuding downward. The head sits on top of the atlas via these condyles. NOTE: there is actually two facets on each condyle, making a total of four articular surfaces. These facets correspondingly have a matching number of facets on the atlas. This fact was discovered by Dr. Earl F. Craton. In 1985 he participated in a dissection of a human cadaver at the osteopathic college in Fort Worth, Texas. The purpose of the dissection was to see if his observation was correct and to detail the exact structure of the atlanto-occipital joints. The experience was videotaped and I have seen the film. I understand that the attending resident doctor verbalized his opinion that the textbooks were in error. To date, I am not familiar with any changes to the textbooks, and Grandpa (Dr. Craton) has most certainly not been paid for, or scientifically and/or scholastically credited, in the medical main stream, with the discovery.
Craton's articles on atlanto-occipital dissection (1985)
About the author
See ContractSee also: ATLAS FACETS AXIS O/A JOINTS TEXTBOOK ERRORS
(1) From GateWay Community College
Created by Dr. J. Crimando
SUPERIOR VIEW OF THE ATLAS (C1)
(NOTICE SINGULARITY OF SUPERIOR
FACET; THEY SHOULD LIST TWO
FACETS PER SIDE. PLEASE COMPARE.)
(2) From Clinical Imaging Diagnosis:
DAVID, atlas of human anatomy
Developed by J. C. Oberson MD.
ATLAS, SUPERIOR VIEW
Yes, I am fully aware that the three links directly above are no longer working. I do not know for sure that my linking to them is what caused for them to no longer be available. But I do know that it only took about two weeks after I did link to them for their site to disappear. I am hoping that they will be returning in the near future.
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This page was first created in the summer of 1999 and last revised on May 9, 2007.